The optometrist is the first contact for ocular conditions. The optometrist is the link between the patient and an ophthalmologist. The realization of the impact of uncorrected refractive error has provided optometry to play a major role in the practice of ophthalmology and alleviating vision loss for those in most need. An important role they play in integrating optometry for prevention of blindness. Of vision correction the major providers have been the optometrists. In clinical practice, an optometrist examines the degree and nature of eye problems and diseases.
The medical history of a patient they take and note down their visual needs. Of treatable blindness, the second leading cause is uncorrected refractive error. Optometrists usually play a major role in correcting refractive errors.
They perform various eye tests to children and adults. They provide low vision aids, vision therapy and rehabilitation to correct and conserve vision in patients with subnormal vision.
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The amount of deviation of the eyes they assess and measure . Also they perform tests to determine depth perception, ocular motility disorders and the ability to focus and coordinate eyes. The first person to diagnose glaucoma can be an optometrist after checking the intra ocular pressure. A community optometrist can be the first one a patient who is concerned about their vision visit. They supervise dispensing of prescriptions for corrective glasses also apart from correcting refractive errors. By fitting prosthetic lenses or cosmetic shells, optometrists provide cosmetic support to patients who have disfigured eyes.
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A patient’s eyes will be examined by an optometrist, test their sight and give advice on visual problems. When need be they also prescribe and fit spectacles or contact lenses. Different types of optometrists are there. High street optometrists who carry out eye examinations, give advice on eye problems and prescribe spectacles or contact lenses are there. Hospital or clinic optometrists there are. Alongside ophthalmologists these ones work to treat and manage patients with a range of eye conditions.
Laboratory or university optometrists, the last group is. Usually, they are undertaking research into diseases treatments that can help improve or restore eye sight. Optometrists usually liaise with other medical practitioners and at times share the care of patients with chronic ophthalmic conditions or write referral letters to other doctors. Also, they examine a patient’s eyes to detect signs of injury, disease, abnormality or vision defects. Of the signs and symptoms of other general health conditions such as diabetes they should be so that they can understand eye problems that are related to them. There has been an increasing demand for optometrists to become an ideal foil for ophthalmologist so as to provide the best eye care for the people with visual disabilities.